Japanese Garden Design
Types of Japanese Garden Landscape




Japanese garden pictures - The Japanese garden design with Koi pond bridge and tea house at Huntington Library USA by Sebi Riffel (Wikimedia)

Japanese garden design has been an important art in Japan for many centuries, and the most important concept is that all the Japanese Gardens reflect nature.

I have fascinating the Japanese culture for many years, especially I love the tranquil and simplistic design of the Japanese gardens that offered me the calming effect.

Entering a Japanese Garden is a way of returning to an environment in which people can find peace and harmony, away from the rapid pace of modern life.

Traditional Japanese landscape gardens can be broadly categorized into three major types, Tsukiyama Gardens (Hill Gardens), Karesansui Gardens (Dry Gardens) and Chaniwa Gardens (Tea Gardens).





Types of Japanese Garden Design:

Tsukiyama Garden design (Hill Gardens) typically feature artificial hills combined with ponds, streams, stones, bridges, paths, plants, shrubs, tree and flowers to create a miniature of a real natural scenery which is often a famous landscape in China or Japan.

Tsukiyama gardens can be viewed from various vantage points as you stroll along the garden. One common type of Tsukiyama garden is the tortoise and crane garden, which typically shows these fortuitous creatures on two separate islands, together with an isle of eternal youth. In Chinese and Japanese mythology, the turtle and crane are symbols of long life and happiness.


Pictures of Japanese garden design - Japanese Hill and Pond Garden with drum bridge in Brooklyn Botanic Garden by Bettycrocker (Wikimedia)



Karesansui Garden design (dry landscape gardens) also known as rock gardens and waterless stream gardens are typically associated with Zen Buddhism, and often found in the front or rear gardens at the residences of Zen abbots.

The main elements of karesansui are rocks and sand, with the sea symbolized not by water but by sand or gravel raked in patterns that suggest rippling water.

Most karesansui gardens do not have plants or flowerbeds, they are much less important here; Karesansui gardens are often meant to be viewed from a single or seated perspective, a relaxing garden atmosphere for reflection and meditation purpose to add calming influence to their visitors and owners.


Pictures of small Japanese garden design - Japanese Rock Garden - Shitenno-ji Honbo Garden in Osaka, Japan by 663highland (Wikimedia)



Chaniwa Garden design (Tea Gardens) are built for holding tea ceremonies. Nowadays it is the most popular type of Japanese landscape garden design, and are ideal for small spaces.

Japanese Tea Garden Design consists of an inner garden or tea house which is surrounded by the outer garden.

These inspirational gardens combine informal and formal styles, beginning with a charming outer garden which is designed as a waiting place to set the mood, until the guests are being invited to enter the inner area for the tea ceremony.

The outer garden is informal and usually consists of a garden path and an entrance to the inner garden. Another stone path moves through the more formal inner garden to a small house where the actual tea ceremony is performed.


Japanese garden design photos - Japanese Tea Garden - Sorakuen in Kobe Hyogo prefecture Japan by 663highland (Wikimedia)


Another important aspect to Japanese Garden Design is that, there is a significantly increase in popularity of having miniature Japanese Gardens in western home gardens.

Nowadays there are many home gardens consist of smaller areas which are ideal to have a small Japanese Garden there. Ponds, paths, stones and rocks along with raked sand areas and miniature Japanese plants such as Bonsai, they can be used to produce a good style of a Japanese garden design with great effect.

The popularity of these miniature Japanese gardens is understandable as they are the perfect place to sit down and reflect as well as to forget and forgive about the daily less important aspects of busy western lifestyles.




Japanese Garden Design:




The Art of Japanese Landscape Design reflects the real beauty of nature, many people loved this carefully planned Asian garden style. In actual, it is intended to give us a tranquil and reflective experience.








The Japanese Rock gardens were made from just two primary elements: rocks and a fine, light colored gravel. The idea is to find rocks that are interesting and in different shapes and sizes; rocks that you would not mind spend hours looking at.







Japanese Zen gardens with its simplicity and tranquility nature, are famous because of their effective use in meditation - help us to still our mind after a busy day. A Zen Garden can go on your desk too : )








Japanese Garden Design - Types of Japanese Garden Design by tradition they can be broadly categorized into three types, Tsukiyama Gardens (Hill Gardens), Karesansui Gardens (Dry Gardens) and Chaniwa Gardens (Tea Gardens). I love the tranquil and simplistic design of the Japanese gardens that offered me the calming effect.






Elements of a Japanese Garden You need to have at least some internal peace before you are able to start enjoying the beauty of Japanese garden design and see each little element at its own. Carefully planned design with the correct combination of these elements in which they are being used, is what brings a Japanese garden to life!




Japanese Granite Lantern - Yukimi Lantern
In Japanese landscape garden - Japanese lantern is one of the most identifiable garden ornament amongst all. That is true! Whenever we think of a Japanese garden, the first thing always spring to our mind is a stone lantern. These lanterns are usually carved from granite.






Japanese Landscaping Plant Guide - Japanese Bonsai trees

In Japanese landscaping garden design, plants are used for recreating nature, echoing larger themes and most importantly they serve as focal points too. Depending on your country climate, the focal point plants that work well within your Japanese garden may include ...






Japanese Tea Garden is a tranquil and yet practical place, the outer garden is entered first and is designed as waiting place to set the mood before enter the inner area for the tea ceremony.







Japanese Bells, Japanese Wind Bells and Wind Chimes
Japanese garden ornaments are a beautiful accent to your garden. Japanese garden ornaments include things such as Koi ponds, ornamental bridges, bamboo fencing, granite sculptures, and traditional Japanese lanterns.





Japanese Bonsai Tool Set - Carbon Steel 14 pieces
Japanese gardening tools require special care. Whether for the use of Japanese hill garden (Tsukiyama) or flat garden (Hiraniwa) type, there are the right Japanese gardening tools designed for each specific job and made versatile enough for all gardening enthusiast to enjoy.