Japanese Landscaping Plant Guide Your plants are used for recreating nature!




Japanese landscaping gardens provide visitors with a tranquil environment where landscaping features, such as bridges, paths and ponds, combine with trees, shrubs and flowers to create a meditative setting.

Plants are a symbolic part of Japanese gardens even though they may not be the most prominent feature of the outdoor space. Subtle colors and pastel hues are common, blending with the serene atmosphere of the oriental style.

Japanese Landscape Design - Koishikawa Korakuen Garden Tokyo - Benzai Tenno Miya Shrine On Horaijima (Horai Island) by Kimon Berlin Gribeco (Wikimedia)

Japanese Landscape Design - Koishikawa Korakuen Garden
Tokyo, Japan
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Benzai Tenno Miya Shrine on Horaijima (Horai Island)


In Japanese landscaping garden design, plants are used for recreating nature, echoing larger themes and most importantly they serve as focal points too. Depending on your country climate, the focal point plants that work well within your Japanese garden may include:



Japanese maple - Deciduous tree for Japanese gardens
Japanese Maple or Smooth Japanese Maple (Acer palmatum) is a species of woody plant native to Japan, North Korea, South Korea, China, eastern Mongolia, and southeast Russia.

Landscape Plant Guide - Japanese Maple Foliage - Acer palmatum - Japanese Maple Leaves by Kurt Stueber (Wikipedia)

Landscape Plant Guide - Japanese Maple Foliage
Acer palmatum - Japanese Maple Leaves by Kurt Stueber (Wikipedia)






Japanese maple is a must for any garden of Japanese landscaping style; it is one of the most versatile trees for any yard, patio, garden and landscape.

Japanese maple changes with the seasons - represents the continuous changes in life, it has long been appreciated by the people of Japan in literature and the arts.

Japanese maple comes in numerous varieties of all kinds of shapes and sizes, they are often grown for its unique 7-palmed green or red colored leaf, fine leaf texture and muscular-looking multiple trunks.

Japanese Landscaping Plant Guides - Japanese Maple Tree - The John J. Tyler Arboretum located at Pennsylvania USA by Derek Ramsey (Wikipedia)

Japanese Landscaping Plant Guides - Japanese Maple Tree
The John J. Tyler Arboretum located at 515 Painter Road, Media, Pennsylvania - USA by Derek Ramsey (Wikipedia)



The maples have extraordinary fall colors - delicate green foliage turns vivid autumnal colors - that range from bright yellow through orange and red.

Japanese maples are uniquely striking even they are grown in total shade, both the fresh young leaves of spring and early summer as well as the ripening autumn leaves in glowing crimson and oranges turn the landscape ablaze with color beyond description of words.

Other deciduous trees that need lots of water grow well near the pond are used as border and focal trees as well include: Maidenhair tree, Scarlet Maple, Tulip tree, Water Oak, and Willow.

Japanese Landscaping Plant Guide - Acer palmatum ssp - Example of Leaf-variation-among various cultivars of Japanese Maple by Abrahami (Wikipedia)

Japanese Landscaping Plant Guide:
Acer palmatum ssp - Example of leaf variation among various cultivars of Japanese Maple by Abrahami (Wikipedia)


Acer palmatum cultivars - from left to right:
Acer palmatum wild type, Acer palmatum 'Amoenum', and Acer palmatum 'Matsumurae' ('Dissectum' is similar to 'Matsumurae').



Japenese black pine - Evergreen tree for Japanese gardens
The hardy Japanese black pine is increasing in popularity - symbolizing stability with its evergreen leaves.The black pine is the masculine symbol, and the red pine is the feminine.
Japanese black pine with its free form growth, and dramatic 3 to 4 inch needles make it an exceptional specimen plant in Japanese gardens.

Easy to maintain and virtually pest free, the Japanese black pine is also a perfect choice for gardeners with limited time.

Another popular evergreen western and Asian plants for background trees in Japanese landscape gardens are: Canadian Hemlock, Cedar, Coastal Redwood, and Himalayan White Pine.

Japanese Black Pine at Manyo botanical garden in Ichikawa, Chiba, Japan by Namazu tron (Wikipedia)

Japanese Black Pine
at Manyo botanical garden in Ichikawa, Chiba, Japan by Namazu tron (Wikipedia)




Bamboo
Bamboo conjures up thoughts of peaceful and relaxing atmospheres in the beautifully designed gardens of Japan. It is usually abundant and may serve as a privacy barrier in various areas of the garden.

Japanese Gardens using bamboo elements offer a soothing and tranquil design for any outdoor space.

Bamboo Plants Selection Guide - Timor Black Bamboo in landscape by www.bamboos.com.au

Bamboo Plants Selection Guide - Timor Black Bamboo in landscape
by www.bamboos.com.au


Good clumping bamboos include Timor Black (Bambusa lako), Slender Weavers’ Bamboo (Bambusa textiles var. ‘Gracilis’), Buddha’s Belly (Bambusa ventricosa), Himalayan Weeping Bamboo (Drepanostachyum falcatum), and Murray Island Bamboo (Schizostachyum sp. ‘Murray Island’).




Bonsai

Japanese Plant Guides - Japanese Bonsai trees

Carefully kept small and trained bonsai plants have been developed to capture the beauty of nature on a smaller scale; bonsai can be literally translated as 'tray planting' or 'tree in a tray".

Bonsai is a great interest, hobby or even profession to undertake; cultivating bonsai trees is a very involved and complex hobby, and it requires much patience.

Bonsai is an art involving miniaturizing tiny woody plants that are fashioned into tree form. The art of bonsai comprises of cutting, trimming, shaping, watering, and re-potting in different types of 'bons', or tray-type pots.

Although famous theologians have claimed that it is actually 90% art to a meager 10% of horticulture, it has to be said that a successful bonsai is most definitely a horticultural masterpiece.

To our world now, bonsai is viewed as a hobby that allows a greater understanding and being with nature and also a way to enhance our gardens.

Japanese Plants - Well-known Bonsai Trees - Japanese White Pine Bonsai

Japanese Plants - Well-known Bonsai Trees
Japanese White Pine Bonsai "Hiroshima Survivor" 1625 - 2007,
on display at the National Bonsai & Penjing Museum at the United States National Arboretum


Note: The Japanese White Pine (Pinus parviflora 'Miyajima') bonsai sometimes known as Hiroshima Survivor, on display at the National Bonsai & Penjing Museum at the United States National Arboretum. According to the tree's display placard, it has been in training since 1625. It survived the atomic blast in Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, and was donated by Masaru Yamaki.



Flowers and shrub plants for Japanese gardens
Low maintenance flowers and shrubs that provide seasonal color including Azaleas, Camellia, Coprosma, Ilex Crenata, Japanese Irises, Mums, Japanese tree Peonies, and Sacred Bamboo (Nandina domestica).

Japanese Plant Guides - Flowering Shrubs - Japanese Irises - Iris ensata - Suigo Sawara aquatic botanical garden, Katori, Japan by Katorisi (Wikimedia)

Japanese Plant Guides - Flowering Shrubs
Japanese Irises - Iris ensata
Suigo Sawara aquatic botanical garden, Katori, Japan



These colorful plants and flowers come in varying sizes and colors are all wonderful ways to add color to the garden.


Japanese Landscape Plant Guide:


Japanese Plant Selection Guide - Azaleas by Colleen Kirchhar (Wikimedia)

Japanese Plant Selection Guide - Azaleas



Japanese Landscaping Plant Guide - Christmas Camellia - Camellia sasanqua - is a popular plant with many uses by Junichiro Aoyama (Wikimedia)

Japanese Landscaping Plant Guide -
Christmas Camellia - Camellia sasanqua
is a popular plant with many uses



Plant Guides - Leaves of Camellia sinensis - also known as the tea plant by Wikipedia

Leaves of Camellia sinensis - also known as the tea plant by Wikipedia



Japanese Landscape Plant Guide - Shrubs - Yellow mums by Erik Jessen (Dreamstime.com)

Japanese Landscape Plant Guide
Shrubs - Yellow mums



Evergreen Shrubs - Ilex crenata - Japanese Holly or Box-leaved Holly - an evergreen shrub or small tree growing to a height of 3-5 m (rarely 10 m) tall, with a trunk diameter up to 20cm - from Longwood Gardens by Raul654 (Wikimedia)

Evergreen Shrubs -
Ilex crenata - Japanese Holly or Box-leaved Holly

- an evergreen shrub or small tree growing to a height of 3-5 m (rarely 10 m) tall, with a trunk diameter up to 20cm
- Photo from Longwood Gardens



Evergreen Shrubs - Ilex crenata's foliage - in Hampyung, Korea by Dalgial (Wikimedia)

Evergreen Shrubs - Ilex crenata's foliage



Japanese Garden Plant Picture Guide - Nandina domestica - at Arhus Botanical Garden by Sten Porse (Wikimedia)

Japanese Garden Plant Picture Guide -
Nandina domestica - at Arhus Botanical Garden



Nandina domestica - commonly known as heavenly bamboo or sacred bamboo - a suckering shrub in the Barberry family, Berberidaceae - Berlin Botanical Gardens - Berlin Dahlem by BotBln (Wikimedia)

Nandina domestica commonly known as
heavenly bamboo or sacred bamboo

- a suckering shrub in the Barberry family, Berberidaceae
- Berlin Botanical Gardens
- Berlin Dahlem




Topiary:


Topiary is the horticultural practice of training of live perennial plants, by clipping the foliage and twigs of trees, shrubs and sub-shrubs to develop and maintain clearly defined shapes, perhaps geometric or fanciful; and plants which have been shaped in this way.

Pruning Shrubs - Netherlands - Tsubo-en main garden O-karikomi, hako zukuri topiary by Petrus M Patings (Wikimedia)

Pruning Shrubs -
Netherlands - Tsubo-en main garden O-karikomi, hako zukuri topiary



The plants used in topiary are evergreen, mostly woody, have small leaves or needles, produce dense foliage, and have compact and/or columnar (e.g. fastigiate) growth habits.

Pruning Shrubs - Netherlands - Close-up of the center part of the Tsubo-en main garden O-Karikomi, topiary sculpture, covered with snow by Petrus M Patings (Wikimedia)

Pruning Shrubs:
Netherlands - Close-up of the center part of the Tsubo-en
main garden O-Karikomi,
topiary sculpture, covered with snow.





Groundcover for Japanese gardens
Ground cover plants are a nice way to add more texture and color to the garden - like making a carpet of ferns and mosses. These plants include Japanese Ardisia, Baby’s Tears, Moss, Spurge, Japanese Sweet Flag, and Japanese Tassel Fern.

Japanese Groundcover Plant Guide - Japanese Tassel Fern - Polystichum Polyblepharum

Japanese Groundcover Plant Guide - Japanese Tassel Fern - Polystichum Polyblepharum


Japanese tassel fern is a very adaptable evergreen fern with shiny dark green bipinnate fronds that are a more subdued, paler green on the reverse side. It offers rare beauty, form and texture in the landscape and should be mandatory for all shade or woodland gardens.

Japanese Landscape Plant Guide - Groundcover Plants - Saihouji Kokedera Pond by Wikimedia

Japanese Landscape Plant Guide -
Groundcover Plants - Saihouji Kokedera Pond by Wikimedia





Hedges for Japanese gardens
Hedges are also wonderful plants for Japanese landscaping, especially when trimmed in the traditional patterns include Japanese Barberry, Japanese Pittosporum, Flowering Quince, Weigela, and Yew.

Privacy Hedges - Berberis thunbergii - Japanese barberry or Thunberg's Barberry, also Red Barberry is a species of Berberis, native to Japan and eastern Asia - Berberis thunbergii shoot with fruit by Wikimedia

Privacy Hedges: Berberis thunbergii - Japanese barberry or Thunberg's Barberry,
also Red Barberry is a species of Berberis, native to Japan and eastern Asia
- Berberis thunbergii shoot with fruit.



Hedges - Flowering twig of Japanese Cheesewood Pittosporum tobira by Kurt Stueber (Wikipedia)

Hedges - Flowering twig of Japanese Cheesewood Pittosporum tobira



Japanese flowering quince photos - Chaenomeles in flower by Wikimedia

Japanese flowering quince photos - Chaenomeles in flower



Japanese Lantern Plant - Weigela florida by  Wikimedia

Japanese Lantern Plant - Weigela florida



Pictures - Japanese Yew Trees or Spreading Yew Tree - Taxus cuspidata is a member of the genus Taxus, native to Japan, Korea, northeast China and the extreme southeast of Russia by wikipedia

Pictures - Japanese Yew Trees or Spreading Yew Tree
- Taxus cuspidata is a member of the genus Taxus, native to Japan, Korea, northeast China and the extreme southeast of Russia.



Best hedges to plant - Yew Berries - Backlit 'berries' (strictly, fleshy arils) of Taxus baccata, (English or common yew) in churchyard at Oakham, Rutland, UK by Simon Garbutt (Wikimedia)

Best hedges to plant - Yew Berries
- Backlit 'berries' (strictly, fleshy arils) of Taxus baccata, (English or common yew) in churchyard at Oakham, Rutland, UK





Pines
Much attention and care are given the pines in a Japanese garden, in fact Pines are the major structural elements in their gardens. Being evergreen, pines express both long life and happiness.

Japanese pine trees tower over rock garden at Takamatsu's Ritsurin Park by Manmaru (Wikipedia)

Japanese pine trees tower over rock garden
at Takamatsu's Ritsurin Park



Pines are a much loved tree in Japan and the symbol of dignified old age. They are picturesquely sculpted by the elements into wonderful shapes in nature.

Pine Trees - FALLING DROP by Il. monte (Dreamstime.com)

Pine Trees - FALLING DROP
by Il. monte (Dreamstime.com)



In the Japanese landscape garden, this appreciation for the wild beauty of nature is sought after in the aged and weathered look of pines.

Pine trees with snow pictures Winter view of the Japanese mountain Yatsugadake by Craig Hanson (Dreamstime.com)

Pine trees with snow pictures -
Winter view of the Japanese mountain Yatsugadake



Other trees like Conifers, Himilayan magnolia and the cherry tree, are also common in Japanese landscape designs.

Pine - European Black by Franz Eugen Kohler (Wikimedia)

Pine - European Black by Franz Eugen Kohler



Pine - Scots by Franz Eugen Kohler (Wikimedia)

Pine - Scots by Franz Eugen Kohler




Japanese Garden designs evoke a strong feeling of tranquility and peace of mind. Japanese garden is all about harmony & balance, as well as using the right components.

When you have decided to use Japanese influence landscape design, it is really a challenge for you to harmoniously balance the flowers and control pruning plants to make the garden look as natural as possible.

Japanese landscape garden design emphasis on garden structure and plant form are more important than flowers and mass borders of colour - in fact there is a principle of 'less is more'. Individual trees or shrubs pruned can therefore become the dominant features of a garden.

Japanese Garden pictures - Japanese Landscape design - Japanese Hill and Pond Garden with drum bridge in Brooklyn Botanic Garden by Bettycrocker (Wikimedia)

"Bamboos and related plants,evergreens including Japanese black pine, and such deciduous trees as maples grow above a carpet of ferns and mosses."





Japanese Garden Design:




The Art of Japanese Landscape Design reflects the real beauty of nature, many people loved this carefully planned Asian garden style. In actual, it is intended to give us a tranquil and reflective experience.








The Japanese Rock gardens were made from just two primary elements: rocks and a fine, light colored gravel. The idea is to find rocks that are interesting and in different shapes and sizes; rocks that you would not mind spend hours looking at.







Japanese Zen gardens with its simplicity and tranquility nature, are famous because of their effective use in meditation - help us to still our mind after a busy day. A Zen Garden can go on your desk too : )








Japanese Garden Design - Types of Japanese Garden Design by tradition they can be broadly categorized into three types, Tsukiyama Gardens (Hill Gardens), Karesansui Gardens (Dry Gardens) and Chaniwa Gardens (Tea Gardens). I love the tranquil and simplistic design of the Japanese gardens that offered me the calming effect.






Elements of a Japanese Garden You need to have at least some internal peace before you are able to start enjoying the beauty of Japanese garden design and see each little element at its own. Carefully planned design with the correct combination of these elements in which they are being used, is what brings a Japanese garden to life!




Japanese Granite Lantern - Yukimi Lantern
In Japanese landscape garden - Japanese lantern is one of the most identifiable garden ornament amongst all. That is true! Whenever we think of a Japanese garden, the first thing always spring to our mind is a stone lantern. These lanterns are usually carved from granite.






Japanese Landscaping Plant Guide - Japanese Bonsai trees

In Japanese landscaping garden design, plants are used for recreating nature, echoing larger themes and most importantly they serve as focal points too. Depending on your country climate, the focal point plants that work well within your Japanese garden may include ...






Japanese Tea Garden is a tranquil and yet practical place, the outer garden is entered first and is designed as waiting place to set the mood before enter the inner area for the tea ceremony.







Japanese Bells, Japanese Wind Bells and Wind Chimes
Japanese garden ornaments are a beautiful accent to your garden. Japanese garden ornaments include things such as Koi ponds, ornamental bridges, bamboo fencing, granite sculptures, and traditional Japanese lanterns.





Japanese Bonsai Tool Set - Carbon Steel 14 pieces
Japanese gardening tools require special care. Whether for the use of Japanese hill garden (Tsukiyama) or flat garden (Hiraniwa) type, there are the right Japanese gardening tools designed for each specific job and made versatile enough for all gardening enthusiast to enjoy.